While having abolished their internal borders, Schengen States have also tightened controls at their common external border on the basis of Schengen rules to ensure the security of those living or travelling in the Schengen Area. Once an applicant country meets the conditions for membership, it must implement EU rules and regulations in all areas. Which countries have an opt-out? The European Union (EU) consists of 27 member states. Several countries are in the process of integrating or transitioning into the European Union. What is the European Union? The first batch of countries joined in 1957, including Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands. It has expanded as recently as 2007 and may enlarge further in the future. There were several enlargements from the 1980s till the 2010s, and the ECC was replaced by the EU in 1993. Membership in the EU is a long and difficult process, it also requires a free-market economy and a stable democracy. Many English speaking European countries have an extremely high level of English throughout the population due to having studied it from an early age, for example, across Scandinavia, at least 67% of the population speak English and even as high as 71% in Denmark. The candidates are supported financially, administratively and technically during this pre-accession period. The Union currently counts 27 EU countries. In 1957, the EEC was formed amongst France, Italy, West Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. Countries Integrating into the EU . Nineteen of the EU countries are also part of the Eurozone, a union of countries that have adopted the Euro as their official currency. All EU Countries Current & Candidate Countries. The first agreement establishing the European Economic Community was signed in 1957 by six countries: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Despite being within the EU territories, Albania is not part of the European Union. Check out our infographic above for the latest Eurostat figures on asylum applications in the EU as well as UNHCR figures on the number of refugees in EU countries. Countries in Europe: 44 There are 44 countries in Europe today, according to the United … When European countries started to cooperate economically in 1951, only Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands participated. 26 countries in Europe are part of the Schengen free travel area. Since June 2014 it has been an official candidate for European Union accession. The European Union has 28 member countries. The European Union gets mostly favorable marks from the countries surveyed, but not everyone is happy with the Brussels-based institution. There are currently 28 countries in the European Union. Twenty-seven of the UK's 73 seats have been redistributed to other countries, while the remaining 46 seats will be kept in reserve for potential future enlargements. The list of all EU countries has more than quadrupled since its humble origins in 1951 when 6 members founded the European Coal and Steel Community to help avoid any further wars in Europe. After all, the UK ("Britain"), which left the EU in 2020, was never part of the Schengen Area or euro currency zone to begin with. The first batch of countries joined in 1957, including Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands. These countries are collectively known as the Eurozone. Becoming a member of the EU is a complex procedure which does not happen overnight. Click on each country to view current estimates (live population clock), historical data, and projected figures. The countries hosting the largest number of refugees are Turkey, Colombia, Pakistan, Uganda and Germany. These conditions are known as the ‘Copenhagen criteria’ and include a free-market economy, a stable democracy and the rule of law, and the acceptance of all EU legislation, including of the euro. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €678,572 billion, as per 2015. In 2004, nine countries were added, two more in 2007, and finally Croatia in 2013 to bring the total to 28. Using this map quiz game, you will be able to increase your geography trivia prowess and prepare for any may quiz that may be coming your way. European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. Capital: Sofia; Official EU language(s): Bulgarian EU member country: since 1 January 2007; Currency: Bulgarian lev BGN.Bulgaria has committed to adopt the euro once it fulfils the necessary conditions. The European Union (EU) is a group of 28 nations in Europe, formed in the aftermath of World War II. ; Schengen: Bulgaria is currently in the process of joining the Schengen area. 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